Hair loss can occur for a variety of reasons – high levels of DHT, genetic, disease, and scarring. When he think of hair loss, we generally think of men, but a percentage of woman will also experience hair loss in their lifetime. Hair loss is something that has plagued the human race since our existence.
With hair loss came its counterpart, hair restoration. Methods for restoring hair date back as early as 1500 B.C., using various herbs, tonics, foods, etc.
Hair restoration has evolved to what it is today. There are multiple surgical methods for restoring hair, such as hair transplant surgery. Cosmetic hair transplant surgery originated in Japan by a group Dermatologist trying to correct scars and alopecias.
There are 3 categories of surgical hair restoration:
- Scalp flaps – advanced flaps, rotation flaps, and free flaps
- Surgical excision –commonly used for alopecia reduction
- Autografts – graft from well-haired area (usually back of the head) to bald area
The most popular method today is the autografts, which has various techniques that can be employed.
- Follicular unit transplantation (FUE)
This technique uses hair follicles, which are individually removed from a specific area on the patient’s head and then moved to the balding area.
The graft strip is removed by using a unique precision instrument that leaves no scarring or the requirement of stitches. The precision tool creates a small circular incision around the follicular unit, taking the graft directly from the scalp. The grafts are then examined under a microscope and prepped for placement.
With the FUE method the donor area is not noticeable after a few days, the patient experiences less pain, and the method leaves a very natural looking and permanent result for the patient.